Advice for breeders
Introduction to Breeding
Before deciding if you should breed a Border Terrier, it is suggested that your dog passes different tests, such as temperament, genetic and other health tests that a professional vet conducts. As breeders do not make that much money, you should not opt for this career in the hope of high monetary rewards. As a responsible breeder, it will be your duty to find a compatible, non-related stud for the female one of yours. Lack of experience and skills may lead your dam to death. Do not decide to breed a dog to show your kids the miracle of birth. Breeding should be taken very seriously.
Why do you want to breed?
Breeders can sell their animals as pets to buyers and make a decent amount of money though the amount depends on the quality of the breed. Breeders can also sell their dogs to scientists who work to find ways to produce improved animal based products and livestock. The main reason why you should become a breeder is to contribute to animal and agricultural science. You might as well take a course in animal science.
Do you have the room?
Puppies may be cute but they take up a lot of space and can be very messy! You will need a large run and whelping box and large run large enough for up to 12 puppies. Bedding will need to be washed once or twice a day and a secure outside area is important so puppies can run around and play.
Do you know the breed standard?
Before breeding, you should know the breed standard accepted by the Kernel Club in your country. The standard describes what the ideal specimen of a breed should look like, such as fur, teeth, structure and colour. It is not up to you to judge whether the dog fits the standard. Dogs that achieve a SchIII (lure coursing, field trials etc.) are the perfect ones to breed. According to the standard, a dog should have both the function and form.
Can you accept the risks and wait?
Breeding is not always happy. You will have to until the female Border Terrier reaches its physical maturity. Also, make sure the breeding is happening in her later life. There are risks associated with immature breeding.
Can you provide regular care?
You must be able to stay in close touch with your vet from the moment of mating. In fact, healthy puppies are possible only if you look after the parents long before the puppies are born. Make sure you will be able to provide:
- Nutritious food
- Screening for genetic problems
- Veterinary care
- Solutions to birth complications
- Regular exercise
- Pre-breeding health tests
Also make sure the parent dogs do not feel stressed and maintain a healthy mental state.
Do you know the dog well?
You must have enough knowledge of the dog you plan to breed. Know colour inheritances. For example, sable and blue (Merles) coloured dogs should not be bred together. Test your dog for eye, thyroid and hip problems. The border terrier must not be bred if it is sick or at least shows any sign of disease. Make sure your dog is free of all kinds of sexually transmitted diseases (for example Brucellosis).
Will you be able to do frequent checkups?
The female must be in good health before breeding. Make sure she is not too fat or too thin. Any health issue, even the slightest one, in the mother could pass on to the newborn breed. It is mandatory that you take her to the vet frequently and do checkups to make sure she does not possess any health issues, mental or physical. For example, the female should be wormed if she has worms. Any skin condition should be addressed, too.
Do you know your legal responsibilities?
Before choosing to breed your dog, or to become a professional breeder, you need make yourself aware of what the Breeding and Sale of Dogs Act 1999 states regarding breeding. According to the standard law, you must get a license should your female dog give birth to 5 or more litters in any given period of 12 months. You must adhere to the following:
|House Keeping||Record Keeping|
|Construction||Disease And Infection Control|
|Accommodation||Numbers Of Puppies|
|Cleanliness And Disinfection||Matings|
|Exercise Areas||Sales Records|
|Food, Water, Storage And Provision|
|Staff Training And Facilities|
How to prepare the bitch?
The minimum breeding age for border terrier bitches is 18 months. As a responsible breeder, you must ensure if the female is mature enough to give birth to litters (typically more than 2 or 3). These 18 to 24 months is the time to prepare the bitch. The breeder must provide the border terrier bitch nutritious food, training and health care. As it is next to impossible to mention all the necessary information a breeder should know about how to prepare the female border terrier for breeding, so it is urgent that you contact your vet for complete guidance.
How do you choose a perfect stud?
Contact your local farm owners and know if they have a quality stud for your litters. Make sure you run some tests on the stud before letting it mate. Another thing you can do is to take professional advice from a knowledgeable breeder.
You must not forget to record the following:
|Litter Record||Heat Record||Additional Litter Info||Puppy Record|
|Breed||Name of bitch||Time each puppy was born||Ribbon colour|
|Registered name and KC number of dam||Litter Number (way to differentiate between litters at your kennel)||Ribbon colour or other identifying mark||Call Name|
|Registered name and KC number of sire||Date of onset||Colour of puppy||Registered Name|
|Sire’s owner’s name||Interval||Sex||Sex|
|Date mated||Smear date and results||Weight at birth||Colour|
|Date litter whelped||Progesterone Test date and results||Length at birth||KC Litter No.|
|Number of male puppies born||Breeding dates and comments on breeding||A description of any problems||KC Registration No.|
|Number of female puppies born||Palpitation dates and results||Whelping date||Date of Birth|
|KC Litter Number||Ultrasound date and results||Sire and Dam||Sire and Dam|
|Sex, Colour/Markings, Puppy ID number, Date Sold, Date Died, Name and address of person to whom sold, Dates when following paperwork was supplied: registration application or certificate and bill of sale; name and KC number of puppy.||X-ray date and results||Time whelping started and ended||Weight at Birth and when sold|
|Notes on pregnancy||Notes on whelping||Vaccinations Given (Date and Type)|
|Track weight gain weekly||Owner (include address and telephone numbers)|
|Track temperature from day 58-65, 3 times daily||Date sold|
|Date and time whelping began||Conditions of sale|
|Date and time whelping ended||Price|
|Date and time whelping ended||Notes on Development and Temperament|
|Notes on whelping||On the back of this form, track the weight of the puppies daily until they are three weeks old and then weekly thereafter.|
Litter and Puppy Registration
As a breeder, you ought to register your litter with the Kennel Club. Fill in the application to have a safe transfer of ownership. You could call the Kennel Club at 0844 463 3980 for help or visit: https://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk.